Discover the history of the city
The history of Barcelona dates back to the 1st century BC, to Barcino, a Roman settlement. and as we would like to start from the beginning and a name is always a good beginning, that's how our event is called. There's no better way to get to know a city than getting lost in its narrow streets and, believe me, that’s very easy in Barri Gòtic.
Our city, that would end up later being known as Condal City, Barna or BCN (or even Barça by mistake of the most distracted ones), went through many other names while growing up to the metropolis it is today. On this road to the present day, the city ran into the movement that would change everything: modernism. Led by Antoni Gaudí, at the end of the 19th century, this artistic current filled the streets of the city with colour and gave us some emblematic buildings such as Casa Batlló, Pedrera or Sagrada Familia.
although getting lost is very cool if we don't use Google Maps, we have another option for the less brave visitors: let yourself be carried away through the history of Barcelona and its Ciutat Vella with our help, in order to be able to admire the Cathedral, the Born or Arc de Triomf.
C. I BC
Foundation of Barcino
The name Barcino was formalised around the end of the reign of Caesar Augustus (AD 14). It was a shortened version of the name which had been official until then, Colonia Faventia Julia Augusta Pia Barcino and Colonia Faventia
County of Barcelona
Louis the Pious, son of Charlemagne, captured Barcelona in 801 after a siege of several months. It was to be the most southerly gain of territory from the Moors as he was pushed back from Tortosa, and the rivers Llobregat and Cardener marked the boundaries of the Carolingian possessions".
Crown of Aragon and the Kingdom of Spain.
Alfonso II of Aragon inherited the Crown of Aragon in 1162 thanks to the marriage in 1137 of Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona, with Petronila of Aragon, future Queen of Aragon. The city of Barcelona was by far the largest settlement in Catalonia. The marriage of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile in 1469 united the two royal lines.
Widening of the city
The plan Cerdà was a plan of reform and set of the city of Barcelona of 1860 that is related to the hypodamic plan, with a grid structure, open and equal. The murals were demolished for the realization of the project.
The Spanish Civil War took place from 1936 to 1939. Republicans loyal to the left-leaning Second Spanish Republic, in alliance with the Anarchists and Communists, fought against the Nationalists, a Falangist, Carlist, Catholic, and largely aristocratic group led by General Francisco Franco. The war was known as a struggle between democracy and fascism, particularly due to the international political climate. In 1938 Barcelona is bombed uninterruptedly for three days 16-17-18 hours by Italian legionary aviation.
The Games of Barcelona became in fact the international presentation letter of democratic Spain. The country transmitted an image of dynamism and modernity that was decisive in breaking old stereotypes and presenting Spain as an advanced European country before international society. With the Olympic Games tourism increased significantly, which meant an increase in income.
Erasmus invade Barcelona